Synthetic fuels (Methanol to gasoline)
Methanol-to-gasoline chemistry was discovered by ExxonMobil scientists in the 1970s. Over years of extensive studies and pilot plant operations, ExxonMobil developed both the fixed bed and fluid bed MTG processes. Compared to fixed bed MTG, fluid bed MTG demonstrates overall advantages in CAPEX, OPEX, operation reliability, steady product quality, carbon intensity, and more. Today, Exxon Mobil is focusing on actively licensing fluid bed MTG over fixed bed MTG. The unique MTG catalyst is the science that limits the synthesis reactions to ~11 carbons, which is exactly the gasoline range.
In the fluid bed design, raw methanol feedstock, including typical 4wt% water and 96wt% methanol, is vaporized and superheated through a series of heat exchangers, then fed into the fluid bed reactor for conversion into hydrocarbons and water. At the MTG reactor conditions, light olefins oligomerize into higher olefins, which combine through various reaction paths into paraffins, naphthenes, and methylated aromatics.
Proven pilot/demo plants
In the 1970’s, ExxonMobil studied the fluid bed MTG process in 4BPD of MeOH pilot plant with very successful results. In the 1980’s, ExxonMobil took an extra step to conduct a 100 BPD of MeOH demonstration plant testing, also with very successful results In March 2015, ExxonMobil and Sinopec Engineering Group (SEG) announced a joint technology development agreement for advancement of a fluidized-bed MTG technology. Today, we are working with our partners on constructing a full pilot plant for fluid bed MTG in South America
The conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons and water is virtually complete with the product being a mixture of synthesis hydrocarbons and water with a limited amount of C₂- gases. Production yields, product qualities, and catalyst performance are stable during operation. The liquid product is conventional gasoline with very low sulphur and low benzene, which can be sold as-is or blended with ethanol or methanol or with petroleum refinery feedstocks.
Presentation: Fluidized bed Methanol to Gasoline (MTG): A reliable and cost-effective solution for production of renewable gasoline
Dr. Fengrong Chen, Technical Sales Manager of ExxonMobil provides an overview of Methanol to Gasoline (MTG) chemistry. Dr. Chen will cover the MTG development history, including ExxonMobil fixed bed and fluid bed MTG processes. He reviews the advantages of fluid bed versus fixed bed MTG and finally, provides you with the status of our fluid bed MTG technology readiness and commercialization.